Breng mij die horizon! Filosofische reisverhalen

Breng mij die horizon! Filosofische reisverhalen

Jos de Mul. Breng me die horizon! Filosofische reisverhalen. Amsterdam: Boom, 2019.  Breng mij die horizon! laat zien wat er gebeurt…

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De domesticatie van het noodlot. De wedergeboorte van de tragedie uit de geest van de technologie

De domesticatie van het noodlot. De wedergeboorte van de tragedie uit de geest van de technologie

Jos de Mul. De domesticatie van het noodlot. De wedergeboorte van de tragedie uit de geest van de technologie. Rotterdam: Lemniscaat,…

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Destiny Domesticated. The Rebirth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Technology

Destiny Domesticated. The Rebirth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Technology

Jos de Mul. Destiny Domesticated. The Rebirth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Technology. State University of New York (SUNY)…

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命运的驯化——悲剧重生于技术精神 内容简介 (Chinese translation of Destiny Domesticated\)

命运的驯化——悲剧重生于技术精神 内容简介 (Chinese translation of Destiny Domesticated\)

Jos de Mul. 命运的驯化——悲剧重生于技术精神 内容简介 (Chinese translation of Destiny Domesticated. The Rebirth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Technology). Guilin:…

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Romantic Desire in (Post)Modern Art and Philosophy

Romantic Desire in (Post)Modern Art and Philosophy

Jos de Mul. Romantic Desire in (Post)Modern Art and Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999, 316 p.…

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Het romantische verlangen in (post)moderne kunst en filosofie

Het romantische verlangen in (post)moderne kunst en filosofie

Jos de Mul. Het romantische verlangen in (post)moderne kunst en filosofie. Uitgeverij Klement, 2007 (4de druk), 284 p. 1de druk, 1990; 2de druk, 1991; 3de…

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后)现代艺术与哲学中的浪漫之欲。Chinese translation of Romantic Desire in (Post)Modern Art and Philosophy

后)现代艺术与哲学中的浪漫之欲。Chinese translation of Romantic Desire in (Post)Modern Art and Philosophy

Jos de Mul. 后)现代艺术与哲学中的浪漫之欲。Chinese translation of Romantic Desire in (Post)Modern Art and Philosophy. Wuhan: Wuhan University Press, 2010, 306p. ISBN 978-7-307-08019-5RMB…

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Cyberspace Odyssee

Cyberspace Odyssee

Jos de Mul. Cyberspace Odyssee. Kampen: Klement, 6de druk: 2010, 352 p. 1de druk, 2002; 2de druk, 2003; 3de druk,2004;…

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Cyberspace Odyssey. Towards a Virtual Ontology and Anthropology

Cyberspace Odyssey. Towards a Virtual Ontology and Anthropology

Jos de Mul. Cyberspace Odyssey. Towards a Virtual Ontology and Anthropology. Castle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010, 334 p. Translation of Cyberspace…

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Siberuzayda macera dolu bir yolculuk. Sanal bir ontoloji ve antropolojiye doğru

Siberuzayda macera dolu bir yolculuk. Sanal bir ontoloji ve antropolojiye doğru

Jos de Mul. Siberuzayda macera dolu bir yolculuk. Sanal bir ontoloji ve antropolojiye doğru. Istanbul: Kitap Yayinevi, 2008, 400 p. Turkish…

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The sovereign debt crisis or Sophie’s choice. On European tragedies, guilt and responsibility

The sovereign debt crisis or Sophie’s choice. On European tragedies, guilt and responsibility

Liesbeth Noordegraaf-Eelens and Jos de Mul, The sovereign debt crisis or Sophie’s choice. On European tragedies, guilt and responsibility. Heinrich…

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Paniek in de Polder. Polytiek in tijden van populisme

Paniek in de Polder. Polytiek in tijden van populisme

Jos de Mul. Paniek in de Polder. Polytiek in tijden van populisme. Rotterdam: Lemniscaat, februari 2017. Uitgebreide en geactualiseerde editie…

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Horizons of Hermeneutics

Horizons of Hermeneutics

Jos de Mul. Horizons of Hermeneutics: Intercultural Hermeneutics in a Globalizing World.  Frontiers of Philosophy in China. Vol. 6, No.…

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The game of life

The game of life

Jos de Mul. The Game of Life: Narrative and Ludic Identity Formation in Computer Games.  In: Lori Way (ed.), Representations of…

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PedoBot® is niet boos, maar wel verdrietig (en soms opgewonden)

PedoBot® is niet boos, maar wel verdrietig (en soms opgewonden)

Jos de Mul. PedoBot® is niet boos, maar wel verdrietig (en soms opgewonden). Over intelligente robots, emoties en sociale interactie.…

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Kunstmatig van nature. Onderweg naar Homo sapiens 3.0

Kunstmatig van nature. Onderweg naar Homo sapiens 3.0

Jos de Mul, Kunstmatig van nature. Onderweg naar Homo sapiens 3.0.  Rotterdam: Lemiscaat: 2016. ISBN 978 90 477 0925 1…

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2017-11-25 (Trouw) Hoe ik bijna boeddhist werd

2017-11-25 (Trouw) Hoe ik bijna boeddhist werd

Jos de Mul. Hoe ik bijna boeddhist werd. Trouw. Bijlage Letter en Geest, 25 november 2017, 14-18. Het gastenverblijf van…

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The Tragedy of Finitude. Dilthey's Hermeneutics of Life

The Tragedy of Finitude. Dilthey's Hermeneutics of Life

Jos de Mul. The Tragedy of Finitude. Dilthey's Hermeneutics of Life. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010 (second edition - eBook), 424…

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Wittgenstein 2.0. Philosophical reading and writing after the mediatic turn

Wittgenstein 2.0. Philosophical reading and writing after the mediatic turn

Jos de Mul. Wittgenstein 2.0: Philosophical reading and writing after the mediatic turn. In: A. Pichler & H. Hrachovec (eds.) Wittgenstein and…

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Plessner's Philosophical Anthropology. Perspectives and Prospects

Plessner's Philosophical Anthropology. Perspectives and Prospects

Jos de Mul. ( ed.), Plessner's Philosophical Anthropology. Perspectives and Prospects. Amsterdam/Chicago: Amsterdam University Press/Chicago University Press, 2014. Helmut Plessner (1892–1985)…

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2016-08-20 (Vrij Nederland) In Japan heeft Erica een ziel

2016-08-20 (Vrij Nederland) In Japan heeft Erica een ziel

Jos de Mul. In Japan heeft Erica een ziel. Vrij Nederland, 20 augustus 2016, 41-45. Kansai Science City doet op…

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Outside of a dog, a book is man's best friend. Inside of a dog it's too dark to read.

Outside of a dog, a book is man's best friend. Inside of a dog it's too dark to read.

Marxism according to Groucho     "Outside of a dog, a book is man's best friend. Inside of a dog…

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Noble versus Dawkins. DNA Is not the program of the concert of life.

Noble versus Dawkins. DNA Is not the program of the concert of life.

Jos de Mul. Noble versus Dawkins. DNA Is not the program of the concert of life. Translation of Dutch review, published…

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The game of life. Narrative and ludic identity formation in computer games

The game of life. Narrative and ludic identity formation in computer games

Jos de Mul. The game of life. Narrative and ludic identity formation in computer games. In: J. Goldstein and J. Raessens,Handbook…

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序言 约斯·德·穆尔 In: Zha Changping. World Relational Aesthetics. A History of Ideas in Pioneering Contemporary Chinese Art

序言 约斯·德·穆尔 In: Zha Changping. World Relational Aesthetics. A History of Ideas in Pioneering Contemporary Chinese Art

序言 约斯·德·穆尔. In: Zha Changping. World Relational Aesthetics. A History of Ideas in Pioneering Contemporary Chinese Art. Volume One. Shanghai:…

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The Work of Art in the Age of Digital Recombination

The Work of Art in the Age of Digital Recombination

Jos de Mul. The work of art in the age of digital recombination. In J. Raessens, M. Schäfer, M. v. d.…

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Menu van de dag - Jos de Mul
NextNature. Sublime natural and technological landscapes, in: Ritsumeikan Studies in Language and Culture.  Volume 26, no.3 (2014),  5-23.

Abstract
The development of the representation of the landscape in Europe since the 14th century Renaissance can be understood as a mirror of the development of modern and postmodern Western culture as a whole. After sketching the development of landscape representation in modern and postmodern Europe, the article focuses on the theme of sublimity, which, at least since the era of Romanticism, has been inherent to the European experience and representation of the landscape, both in its successive natural and technological manifestation. Against this background, the paper also discusses some striking differences between the European and the Asian landscape.

Keywords : NextNature, Sublimity, Sublime landscapes, European landscape, Asian landscape, natural landscapes, technological landscapes

Downloadable (via PDF-link)

Jos de Mul. Encyclopedias, hive minds and global brains. A cognitive evolutionary account of Wikipedia. Invited lecture at the Conference 'Reading Wikipedia', Trippenhuis Building KNAW, Kloveniersburgwal 29, Amsterdam, 23 november 2015.


International Academic Conference 'Reading Wikipedia'

10:00 - 17:00

One day academic conference in the KNAW on the occasion of the Erasmus Prize 2015 for the Wikipedia Community. Researchers, authors, activists and policy makers address topical issues around Wikipedia.

 

The Uniqueness of Wikipedia as a Platform
Keynote speech by José van Dijck, president KNAW (Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences).

Wikipedia and the Quest for Universal Knowledge
On the historical, cultural and philosophical aspects of Wikipedia. With Charles van den Heuvel, Jos de Mul, Sabine Niederer and Erinç Salor. Moderated by Frank van Vree.

Wikipedia as a Memory Institution. The Limits of the Open Model
On the role of knowledge institutions, freedom of information, public media and copyright. With Victoria Anderica, Phoebe Ayers, Christophe Depreter, Dimitar Dimitrov, Andres Guadamuz, Lucie Guibault, Bregtje van der Haak, Julia Reda and Heijo Ruijsenaars. Moderated by Paul Keller.

The Research Affordances of Wikipedia
On how Wikipedia itself can be a new source for academic research. With Fabian Flöck, Mark Graham, Brent Hecht, Ellen Rutten and Tommaso Venturini. Moderated by Richard Rogers.

Jointly organised by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, University of Amsterdam, European Cultural Foundation and Kennisland.
Entrance free of charge. Registration via KNAW.

Gepubliceerd in: Lectures
Jos de Mul. The biotechnological sublime. Lecture at the Vrij Nederland Everything is algorithm session at the Brainwash Festival. Amsterdam, Agnietenkapel, 5PM, October 24, 2015.

Every once in a while we experience something extraordinary, something that lifts you above everyday reality . Such ‘awesome’ experiences might happen when we come across a magnificent landscape, hear a piece of music that really moves us, or when we fall deeply in love. Traditionally these kinds of extraordinary experiences are called “sublime”. In the following I will present some reflections on one particular kind of sublimity: the technological.

I will develop my  argument in three parts. First I will point out the meaning and history of the concept of the sublime. Next, I will argue that in de twentieth century, the sublime has transformed from a natural to a technological category. In the third and last part I will defend the thesis that in the age of sublime algorithms, the  sublime becomes a natural category again, which leaves us with some uncanny questions.

Gepubliceerd in: Lectures
Jos de Mul. L’identité de base de données. Identité personnelle et culturelle à l’ère de la mise en données du monde. In Severo Marta & Romele Alberto (eds.) Traces numériques et territoires. Paris: Presses des Mines/ParisTech, 2015, 87-108.

Introduction [1]

Le 27 février 2004, j’ai pris part au débat plutôt passionné qui agitait les Pays-Bas sur le multiculturalisme en publiant un essai dans le NRC Handelsblad, un des grands quotidiens néerlandais [2]. Cet article commençait par la brève description d’une jeune Arabe qui, quelques mois auparavant, passait près de moi glissant sur des rollers dans la station de métro Kralingse Zoom à Rotterdam. Elle semblait être étudiante et se rendre, tout comme moi, à l’Université Érasme. Vêtue d’un sarouel bouffant et d’un t-shirt arborant un smiley, et portant un petit sac à dos, sa tête était couverte d’un foulard d’où dépassait le cordon de l’oreillette de son téléphone portable. Lorsqu’elle fut assez proche de moi, je pus capter quelques bribes de la conversation qu’elle menait, dans cet étrange mélange d’arabe et de néerlandais mâtiné d’un fort accent de Rotterdam, avec une amie, pour autant que je puisse le deviner au ton de la discussion. Pareille image d’une jeune musulmane patinant sur des rollers était assez inattendue en 2004. Pourtant, à en croire un des articles parus récemment sur le site Web de la communauté turque aux Pays-Bas, la pratique du roller connaît un succès grandissant chez les jeunes filles musulmanes néerlandaises [3]. De plus, cette pratique tendrait à gagner en popularité dans des cercles musulmans plus orthodoxes. En avril 2012, les amateurs de patinage artistique en Italie ont eu la faveur de voir Zahra Lari être la première patineuse venue du Golfe à évoluer en niqab.

La raison pour laquelle je commençais mon essai de 2004 par cette image pittoresque d’une jeune musulmane en rollers tenait à ce qu’elle était la proclamation vivante d’une identité personnelle et culturelle dans une société postmoderne. Elle se situait manifestement au-delà de l’opposition qui avait paralysé le débat néerlandais sur le multiculturalisme pendant de nombreuses années, à savoir : l’opposition entre le fait de conserver sa propre identité et celui de s’adapter à la culture néerlandaise. Dans le présent chapitre, je souhaite examiner plus avant l’identité postmoderne à l’aune de deux perspectives tendant à s’entremêler de plus en plus fortement : la globalisation et la mise en données (datafication). Je vais défendre la thèse que notre jeune musulmane de Rotterdam à rollers avec son téléphone portable incarne à la perfection ce type d’identité qui est élaborée par cette mise en données globale, caractéristique de la société postmoderne.

Ce chapitre se décompose en quatre parties. Premièrement, je vais traiter les notions d’identité personnelle et d’identité culturelle, en mettant en relief le rôle crucial des récits narratifs et des traditions. Avec ce contexte en vue, je procéderai à une critique de l’opposition stérile entre multiculturalisme et monoculturalisme, pour défendre au lieu de cela une position interculturaliste. Puis, je distinguerai entre les différents modes par lesquels les traditions sont constitutives respectivement des identités prémodernes, modernes et postmodernes. Dans la dernière partie, je porterai mon attention sur le rôle que joue la mise en données dans la construction d’une identité postmoderne. Je défendrai la thèse que les bases de données, telles que nous les trouvons installées dans les médias sociaux grand public comme Facebook, transforment de plus en plus l’identité narrative des personnes et cultures des âges prémodernes et modernes en ce que l’on pourrait appeler une identité de base de données (database identity). Dans les identités de bases de données, nous trouvons d’un côté certains aspects d’identités narratives radicalisées et, à l’inverse, d’autres aspects qui semblent être transformés en une forme culturelle purement et simplement différente. En lien avec le débat récent sur les big data, et en prenant Facebook comme exemple central, mes réflexions porteront sur certains des avantages et inconvénients de la mise en données et de la corrélationalisation de notre identité.

Gepubliceerd in: Book chapters
zaterdag, 19 september 2015 08:24

2015-09-19 (Trouw) Waarom we robots zo vrezen

Jos de Mul. Waarom we robots zo vrezen. Trouw.  Zaterdag 19 september, 2015. Letter & Geest, 4-7.

Hoe mooier en slimmer robots zijn, des te groter de existentiële angst die ze bij ons oproepen. Ze krenken ons narcisme, zo laten recente films  krachtig zien. Maar is dat terecht?

Robots hebben wat beeldvorming betreft een belabberd jaar achter de rug. Oxford University voorspelde dat robots binnen twintig jaar 50 procent van de huidige banen zullen inpikken. In juli waarschuwden wetenschappers voor de ontwikkeling van ‘vliegende robots’, autonome drones, die zonder menselijke aansturing een doelwit selecteren en uitschakelen. En ook de vrees van de beroemde natuurkundige Stephan Hawking dat superieure kunstmatige intelligenties wel eens een einde zouden kunnen betekenen voor het menselijk ras, haalde de voorpagina’s.

Jos de Mul. Encyclopedias, hive minds and global brains. A cognitive evolutionary account of Wikipedia. Invited lecture at the Being Forum 2015. Beijing: Beijing University, November 7, 2015.

The Beijing Forum, initiated in 2004, is an annual event placed under the auspices of the Beijing Municipal Government. It is endorsed by the State Council and the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, and co-sponsored by Peking University, the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education, and the Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies. The November 2015 edition will mark its twelfth successful session.

The Beijing Forum, organized by Peking University, encourages the study of the humanities and social sciences in the Asia-Pacific region. It aims to facilitate international academic exchanges and trans-cultural discussions in order to foster social development, harmony between civilizations, and greater prosperity for mankind.

Held annually in Beijing, a city with a deep cultural tradition, the forum is an international academic event that advocates civilizational harmony, It brings together the world’s most eminent thinkers in order to stimulate the academic and cultural exchanges that are crucial for world peace and social progress. During the past years, the Beijing Forum has gathered a wealth of invaluable suggestions and insights that has helped generate outstanding academic advancement in the Asia Pacific region and around the world. The 2015 annual conference will uphold the Beijing Forum’s reputation, developed over the last decade, as one of the leading academic forums in the world.

Gepubliceerd in: Lectures
Jos de Mul, Human Nature after Neo-Darwinism. Keynote lecture at the Conference Human Nature. Human Philosophy Project. Oxford University & University of Warsaw. Warsaw: September 24, 2015.

On the 24th-26th of September, 2015 the Humane Philosophy Project, in collaboration with the Institute of Philosophy, University of Warsaw, the Dalai Lama Centre for Compassion, and the Ian Ramsey Centre for Science and Religion will hold a three day conference on the theme 'Human Nature'.

This event will take place at the central campus of the University of Warsaw.

A call for papers can be viewed here.

Gepubliceerd in: Lectures
Alberto Romelo. Multiculturalismo, nuove tecnologie e religione. Interview a Jos de Mul. Confronti. No. 6, 2015, 26-28.

Multiculturalismo, nuove tecnologie e religione

In epoche storiche lontane, i cambiamenti avvenivano con molta lentezza e le società tendevano a essere più omogenee. Oggi - soprattutto grazie ai nuovi media - c'è più scambio tra culture diverse, le persone sono in grado di entrare in contatto e conoscerle, quindi hanno maggiore possibilité di scelta.

Jos de Mul è professore di Antropologia filosofica all’università Erasmus di Rotterdam, dove è a capo della sezione Filosofia dell’uomo e della cultura. Inoltre, è direttore dell’istituto di ricerca «Filosofia delle tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione» (ɸIct). Tra le sue pubblicazioni in inglese, Destiny Domesticated. The Rebirth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Technology (2014), Cyberspace Odyssey. Towards a Virtual Ontology and Anthropology (2010) e The Tragedy of Finitude. Dilthey’s Hermeneutics of Life (2004). L’abbiamo intervistato a Porto, in Portogallo, dove si trovava e ci trovavamo per una conferenza dal titolo «Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger? Philosophical investigations into Big Data».

In un suo recente articolo, per spiegare cos’è il multiculturalismo, fa l’esempio di una ragazza incrociata nella metropolitana di Rotterdam. Per me è stato illuminante. Potrebbe riprenderlo qui?

Si trattava di una sorta di fenomeno ibrido, perché era musulmana (portava il velo) ma allo stesso tempo usava dei pattini, aveva una t-shirt con lo smile e un telefono in mano. Stava parlando, probabilmente con un’amica, in uno strano misto di arabo e olandese con un forte accento di Rotterdam. Per me è diventata una specie di simbolo della società multiculturale in cui ci troviamo oggi. Certo, penso che le culture siano sempre state una specie di ricombinazione di elementi presi da tradizioni più antiche o da altre tradizioni.

Gepubliceerd in: Interviews / written press
Jos de Mul, Database Identity: Personal and Cultural Identity in the Age of Global Datafication. in: Wouter de Been, Payal Aurora and Mireille Hildebrandt (Eds.), Crossroads in New Media, Identity and Law. The Shape of Diversity to Come. Personal and Cultural Identity in the Age of Global Datafication. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, 97-118. 

This volume brings together a number of timely contributions at the nexus of new media, politics and law. The central intuition that ties these essays together is that information and communication technology, cultural identity, and legal and political institutions are spheres that co-evolve and interpenetrate in myriad ways. Discussing these shifting relationships, the contributions all probe the question of what shape diversity will take as a result of the changes in the way we communicate and spread information: that is, are we heading to the disintegration and fragmentation of national and cultural identity, or is society moving towards more consolidation, standardization and centralization at a transnational level? In an age of digitization and globalization, this book addresses the question of whether this calls for a new civility fit for the 21st century.

Jos de Mul, to begin with, takes the issue of identity head-on in his contribution. He argues that new networked communication technologies are leading to a datafication of identity. New ICTs are transforming traditional ‘narrative identity’ into a more plastic form of ‘database identity.’ Identity as the product of a linear development, as an outgrowth of a particular personal or group history – the bread and butter of the imagined community – is on the wane. Increasingly identity is broken up into machine-readable elements and stored in digital memory banks. This allows for an endless combination and re-combination of features. By itself this process does not necessarily result in a world of freedom and play, however. Although database identities allow for an extraordinary range of choice and are well suited to the freedom and flexibility of postmodern culture, there is a great deal of uniformity in the forms that database identities actually take. Hence, De Mul also addresses the standardization of identity in the prefabricated formats of social media, underlining the new entrapments of the digital age.

 

Gepubliceerd in: Book chapters
Jos de Mul. Photography in the Age of Digital Recombination. Hubei Institute for Fine Arts / Wuhan Art Museum. Wuhan, May 18, 2015.

 

讲座现场 || 数字化操控时代的艺术作品

2015-05-21 

5月 18 日晚,我馆特邀荷兰鹿特丹大学的约斯•德•穆尔(Jos de Mul)教授在湖北美术学院藏龙岛校区举办了主题为《数字化操控时代的艺术作品》的讲座。

【讲座内容实录】

HIFA

我(约斯•德•穆尔)将从本雅明的《机械复制时代的艺术作品》出发,阐述本雅明关于膜拜价值和展示价值的观念, 而后把数据库作为范式模型, 勾勒出创建计算机对象的基本操作, 最后解释为什么说数据库从本体论上把以展示价值为特征的现代艺术作品转变为以操控价值为特征的后现代艺术作品。

概 述

艺术和科技是密切相关的, 艺术家总是在利用媒体(media)不管是那些创作壁画的史前绘画者, 还是那些依靠计算机技术工作的新媒体艺术家。广义的媒体, 意即“传达信息的方式“, 对塑造人类的心灵和经验、认识和感知世界起着关键作用。

本雅明的著作《机械复制时代的艺术作品》提到,独一无二(unique)、奥若蒂克式的(Auratic) 的特点强调了古典艺术品的膜拜价值(cult value), 而机械地(mechanically)复制性的(reproduce)现代艺术品则强调了其展示价值(exhibition value)。然而在数字化重组(digital recombination) 时代, 数据库构成了后现代艺术作品的本体论模型,在此转变中, 展示价值(exhibition value)正被我们所谓的操控价值(manipulation value) 所取代。

本雅明的论述声称是对艺术的分析, 但其实际论域却要广泛得多。同样, 我在数字化重组时代继续本雅明的分析, 论域将超出艺术或美学。还将分析自然和文化的数字化操控, 它是当前“信息时代” 的特征。

Gepubliceerd in: Lectures
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